Manchester Carriage & Tramways Company Horse Tram W24

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Photo: Jim Dignan

The first horse-drawn buses in Britain were introduced in Manchester by John Greenwood in 1824.  However, their capacity was limited by the deplorable state of the unpaved roads of the day.  Once mass-produced steel became available around 1860, however, it became possible to run horse-drawn tramcars on rails, which were capable of carrying between three and ten times the number of passengers and providing them with a much smoother ride.

Manchester Carriage & Tramway Company double-ended horse tram P4, possibly at Eccles. Photo courtesy of Crich TMS photo archive.

The first horse-drawn trams were ‘double-ended’ since they had to be capable of operating in both directions, which meant that the horses had to be detached and walked round to the opposite end of the car before being harnessed up again for the return journey.  Not just the horses but the draw-bar and pole to which they were attached likewise had to be unfastened and carried round by ‘pole-shifters’ from one end of the car to the other.


Type of tram
Eades reversible horse tram chassis
Seating capacity
Originally 34
Date built
Manufacturer of body
Manufacturer of truck
Manchester Carriage & Tramways Co
4’ 8½”
Current collector

Not known

Withdrawn from service

Not later than March 1903

Subsequent history

Arrived at Crich in November 1961 but its body was in such a dilapidated condition that it was scrapped a month later, leaving only the chassis.

Restoration history

The chassis was subsequently prepared for display in the Exhibition Hall.

Current status
Truck is on display in unrestored condition. Tram body is in storage in unrestored condition.
Date started operating at Crich
Total mileage covered at Crich
Current location
Exhibition Hall
Future plans


  • 1880 – 1903Operational on original tramway
  • 1903 – 1961Subsequent history and whereabouts of tram chassis W24 largely unknown before its arrival at Crich in November 1961.
  • 2000 – Unrelated tram body acquired and placed in off-site storage
  • 2016 – Eades chassis belonging to W24 on display in unrestored condition in Great Exhibition Hall

Crich Tramway Village is a brand name for the National Tramway Museum (Accredited with Arts Council England), solely owned and operated by The Tramway Museum Society, incorporated in England with liability by guarantee (no. 744229). Registered charity number 313615. Our ICO number is Z6700136.